This section lists the tropical bamboo plant varieties we have in production. They
are all tropical, or sub-tropical, clumping bamboos and are generally not
cold-hardy like the temperate, running bamboos. Some, the sub-tropicals, can
tolerate freezing temperatures for short periods. Check the minimum
temperatures listed on each species description as a guideline for which
species can grow unprotected in your area.
Use our Search Bamboo page to find something specific.
A distinct variety of Bambusa textilis that develops purple/black culms.
Since 2012, we've made seven attempts to import this bamboo, each time the propagules not surviving the import process. Finally, in 2016, another attempt succeeded. Two offsets were collected at South China Botanic Garden and sent to USDA quarantine. These were cleared and released in 2018. They're now growing in our test field. Click to find your zone.
The smallest of the textilis cultivars. Was first located at Rockledge Gardens in central Florida. Will grow to 15'- 20' tall with the standard textilis upright form. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
Distinct appearance. This textilis variety has very short branches giving it a unique feature on an otherwise standard form. From a variety originaly introduced by Dr. Steve Scranton (Florida). Fantastic landscape bamboo. Will grow to 35' tall with 2" diameter culms in Florida. Minimum temp., 15 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
The large, straight, thick-walled culms of B.tulda are one of the most useful of any tropical bamboo grown in the U.S. This variety has cream colored stripes on the green culms. From India.
Will grow to 35' with 2" dia. culms. Min. temp 27°F. MIn USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
The straight, thick-walled culms are one of the most useful of any tropical bamboo. For more than a century, this has been the choice for making split-bamboo flyrods. As an ornamental, it makes a nice statement with its erect form and white powder on the young culms.
50' tall with 3" diameter culms. Hardy to 27 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
Similar to Bambusa tulda but not as large and more hardy. It produces a large number of thick-walled culms growing in a tight clump. Cut culms traditionally used to push boats in rivers and streams (the non-football definition of "punt" is: to propel a boat by thrusting a pole against the bottom of a river, stream, or lake). Will grow to 45' tall with 2.5" diameter culms in Florida. Minimum temp. 15 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
For those who live in southern areas of the USA, but not far south enough to grow the frost-sensitive Bambusa vulgaris Wamin, this may be your solution!
Bambusa vulgaris Wamin (Dwarf Buddha's Belly Bamboo), with its distinctively compressed and swollen internodes, has always teased growers who experience the occasional freeze each year. Their only option was to grow the more cold-hardy Bambusa ventricosa (Buddha's Belly), which only produces reliable bellied culms under stress. This new introduction to the USA, collected by us in Hua'an, China in November/2012, will be frost-tolerant AND will produce reliable bellied culms.
UPDATE: After spending nearly two years in quarantine under USDA care, it was released to us in July/2014. It has been exclusively test grown at Tropical Bamboo Nursery since then. Limited availability began early September 2017.
The common name Cool Buddha was given primarily to identify this species as appropriate for cooler climate zones.
Will grow to around 18' tall with 2.5" diameter culms in Florida. Minimum temp. 15 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
Dark green culms with lighter green pinstripes that fade a bit as the culms mature. The new (edible) shoots are especially impressive with swirling yellow stripes on the green base. One of the newer introductions to S. Florida. Originally classified as a Dendrocalamus, it is now a Bambusa. Will grow to at least 45' tall and 4" diameter culms. Minimum temp. 29 deg F. MIn USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
Vigorous, large clumper with dark green culms. Extremely thick-walled culms with a slight zigzag and whitish bloom.
This cultivar of tuldoides ventricosa has been dubbed Clone X as it grows larger, faster, and never produces swollen internodes. Clump diameter (footprint) can exceed 15' at maturity.
65' tall, 3" diameter culms, Minimum temp 15 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
Yellow culms with green vertical stripes. Occasional swollen nodes and pink coloration. One of the few tropical bamboos that's good in containers. Excellent for bonsai.
Graceful foliage at the tops of arching culms. Formerly (and incorrectly) identified as B.tuldoides Kimmei (pronounced Kim-ay)
Will grow to 30' with 2" dia. culms (if planted in the ground). Min. temp 27°F. MIn USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
Becomes a dwarf with swollen internodes when stressed, especially in pots. In the ground it reverts to a giant with zigzag culms and branches. In Florida, this species is rarely stressed and rarely produces bellies. It is always used as a large privacy screen. In drier climates, like SoCal, it is more likely to live up to it's common name, Buddha's Belly. See B.vulgaris Wamin if you want a belly-producing bamboo and you're in Florida.
55' tall, 3" diameter culms, Min temp 15 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 8b. Click to find your zone.
Occasionally, a culm will develop in a clump of B.vulgaris Vittata that has inverse color striping. Instead of green stripes on a yellow base, the culms are predominately green with thin yellow stripes. We've isolated a few of these and propagated them into a reliable new, inverse form of B.vulgaris Vittata. Same growth form and dimensions as the standard B.v.Vittata. 50' tall with up to 4" diameter culms. Minimum temp. 27 degrees F. Min USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
Bambusa vulgaris 'Vittata' - Golden Hawaiian Bamboo
Very popular and recognizable. The most common ornamental bamboo found in Hawaii. Golden yellow culms with green vertical stripes that look like drip marks.
This species has been in the continental U.S. for more than a decade and propagates relatively easily.
Will grow to 50' with 4" dia. culms. Min. temp 27°F. MIn USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
Bambusa vulgaris 'Wamin Striata' - Striped Buddha Belly Bamboo
A striated (and more rare) version of the popular Wamin Bamboo. The culms are a pale green color with irregular dark-green vertical stripes. The swollen internodes and overall form is the same as the standard Wamin.
12' - 15' with up to 3" dia. culms. Min. temp 27°F. MIn USDA zone: 9b. Click to find your zone.
Bambusa vulgaris 'Wamin' - Dwarf Buddha Belly Bamboo
A dwarf bamboo that is perfect by a pond but will fit just about any landscape. Swollen internodes are unusual and are sure to attract your visitors' attention. This bamboo could have been conjured up by Tim Burton or Dr. Seuss.
In Florida (and other warm, humid areas) this species is much more reliable and consistent in producing swollen internodes (bellies) than the first species given the name Buddha Belly Bamboo, Bambusa ventricosa (tuldoides).
*If this bamboo is too cold sensitive for your location, we have an exciting new import that may become a good substitute for sub-tropical areas down to USDA zone 8b. Bambusa tuldoides "Swollen Internode' will be available for sale by 2017.
12' - 15' with up to 3" dia. culms. Min. temp 27°F. MIn USDA zone 9b. Click to find your zone